In answer to the question of what states legal sports betting is, there are a number of notable restrictions that most states put on wagering and/or ownership of gambling equipment and property in the state. Many of these states have enacted statutes and laws that directly oppose the modern concept of online gambling. It is noteworthy that most if not all of these statutes and laws were adopted in response to efforts by the United States House of Representatives to reform the UIGEA. The House proposed amending the UIGEA to prohibit any online wagering permitted with federal government licensed casinos. This House proposal was defeated by a vote in the U.S. House of Representatives to put off implementing this provision for at least one year. The UIGEA has yet to be passed by the U.S. Senate.
In the summer of 2021, three new states became members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). These states are Illinois, Virginia and North Carolina. They join the other 14 original members which are Arizona, Connecticut, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, and Wisconsin. The inclusion of these new states in the NCAA membership is an interesting decision. The idea that one or two new members could push back against the growth of online gambling across the US is rather speculating. The expansion of gambling into the NCAA would most likely have little effect on existing casinos.
In California, a bill is being considered that would regulate the amount of money that can be wagered on games by non-residents. The bill, AB 1490, is being sponsored by Assemblyman Jared Huffman (D CA-15). This bill would require all licensed gambling establishments to be licensed by the California Department of Finance. Gambling is already illegal in California under the law already. But if the bill becomes law, the only people that will be gambling in California will be those who have obtained a license from the state.
A similar bill has been introduced in the Senate by Assemblyman Harry Jeffires (D Izquierdo). It would also require that all licensed gambling establishments operating in the state also be licensed by the Department of Finance. So far, the Senate has not taken up the bill. Both bills have been referred to the appropriate committees in the state. California already has very restrictive laws regarding gambling, and it makes sense for the legislature to take steps to regulate it even further.
What states may become members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association now that Las Vegas has joined? That question remains to be answered. California and New Mexico are expected to join, while Florida, Massachusetts, Delaware, Wisconsin, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania remain uncommitted. The new members will join the ranks of twenty-eight.
The legalization of betting on college games is unlikely to affect football in any way, but perhaps basketball. In the aftermath of NCAA basketball tournament results being vacated due to scandals, some college games may no longer be held by the traditional sportsbooks. Will the new playoff odds put an end to sports betting on games? Probably not. In the future, maybe, but for the time being, it appears as if legalized sports betting will not affect football or basketball.
The current move came less than two months after the House and Senate voted to legalize recreational marijuana. At the time, there were only three states within the top twenty of legalized marijuana sales. At that time, there were only two casinos within the state. Now there are four.
Are there more in the future? It is entirely possible that there will be as many as twelve or even twenty-four licensed sports book operators within the state of Massachusetts when it comes to legalized sports gambling. That number would certainly include all of the other licensed establishments in the state. As the trend toward legalization continues, you can expect this number to increase. The decision to legalize sports betting is not a sudden one. It was a calculated one made by leaders who realized that it might benefit their state’s economy in the long run.